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Valley of Flowers

October 17, 2011

Valley of Flowers


The valley is located in Chamoli Garhwal in the state of Uttaranchal, close to Nanda Devi National Park. About 595 kilometres from Delhi, the altitude of valley of flowers Uttaranchal varies from 3,200 m to 6,675 m.

Best Time To Visit Valley of Flowers Uttaranchal

The best time to be here is in the months of July and August after the snow has melted. That’s when the weather is pleasant and the flowers are also in their full bloom.

About The Valley Of Flowers Uttaranchal

Valley of flowers Uttarakhand was well protected and hidden from the world, only the locals frequented the place. It was in as late as 1931 that the place was discovered by Frank Smith, a mountaineer, botanist and an explorer who came across this valley accidentally. He introduced the place to world. He was so enchanted by the place which at that time was in its full bloom that he wrote a book here ‘Valley of Flowers’. The book further popularised the place.

The valley is bounded by peaks from all sides and an area of 8,950 hectares here was declared a National park in September 1982. It was only in July 2005 that the valley of flowers Uttarakhand was added to the list of World Heritage sites by UNESCO. The valley is so significant because of the rich diversified flora it has in its bounds. The valley itself is located at a transition point of Zanskar and Himalayan ranges and Eastern and Western Himalayas. This results in bringing together a rich diversified flora at one place, several of the flower species found here are internationally endangered. There are also many endangered medicinal plants here.

To The Valley Of Flowers Uttarakhand

To reach the valley of flowers Uttarakhand, trek begins at Govind Ghat. From Pulna onwards, your eyes will be treated to scenic beauty of the nature at its undisturbed best – wild flowers, waterfalls, springs, rocky boulders and in between glimpses of snow clad peaks. Camping and overnight stay is not allowed in the valley so Ghanghria serves as the base camp during the trek.

In The Valley Of Flowers

Beyond Ghagharia, the journey is on foot only, entry of ponies is prohibited. Plan a valley of flowers tours to get mesmerized with majestic peaks and river Pushpawati flowing through it, dividing it into two sections. Many streams also flow through the valley irrigating it, adding to the beauty before finally merging with River Pushpawati. There is a single track in the valley to view flowers, no side tracks to have a closer look at what lies farther. You will have to struggle your way through foliage and shrubs to have a closer look but all the trouble is worth it. Within the valley itself you will see many different smaller valleys being formed, these have formed because of streams of glacier water flowing through the valley. The patterns of flowers around these smaller valleys are worth watching, specially the ones around the last of the valleys near Donagair Garh. The left bank of Pushpawati has many areas of flat land, one of them is called Nag Tal. The flowers here are considered to be poisonous so pluck, smell or crush them at your own risk.

The Flora In The Valley of Flowers

The valley of flowers in Uttarakhand by itself is alpine. The flora here is well adapted to the harsh climatic conditions. From November to May, it is a bed of snow but once the ice melts, from below emerges a riot of colours. Visitors can spot some 300 hundred species of flowers on their valley of flowers tours. Some of the prominent species of flowers here are Saxifrags, Sediams, Lilies, Poppy, Calendular, Daisies, Denthus, Turmopsis, Primula, Dadiculatar, Pontitala, Geranium, Cipro Nepolysis, Holly, Pansy, Zinnia, Petunia, Fox, Caropsis Dynthus and many more.

The flowers here with tremendous medicinal values are Anemone, Geranium, Marsh, Marigold, Primula, Potentilla, Geum, Aster. Lilium, Himalayan blue poppy, Aconite, Delphinium, Ranunculus, Corydalis, Inula, Saussurea Abvallata, Campanula. Pedicularis, Trysimum, Morina, Impetiens, Bistorta. Ligularia. Anaphalis Saxifraga, Lobelia, Thermophis, Trolises. Aquilogia, Codonopsis. Dactylorhiza and Cypripedium.

The Fauna In The Valley

The valley does not boasts of much animal life but it is not completely devoid of it either. Some of the animals you will spot here are the Himalayan Musk deer and yellow throated Marten. Though Snow Leopards, Blue Sheep, Black and Brown Bears, and Himalayan Tahr also frequent the valley of flowers Uttarakhand but chances of spotting them are bleak. There are a lot many insects here and particularly many species of butterflies are found here.


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